Twin Villas

Name of the building: Twin Villas
Town, location: Szeged Raffay House, 2/A Lechner Square, Szígyártó House, 2/B Lechner Square
GPS coordinates: N 46.2585, E 20.1481
Date of construction: 1902-1903
Stylistical characteristics: Art Nouveau
Architect: Pál Kótay
Builder: László Raffay and Pál Kótay, teachers at the State College of Technology.
Monument classification: Under monument protection

The original function of the building

Changes

The Raffay House had functioned as a residential real estate until 1990, then in 1992, the Sík Sándor Piarist Student Hostel of Residence was established in it for 24 students, based on Tamás László’s plans. The Szígyártó House is still a dwelling house. They are unique examples of the Art Nouveau architectural decoration, applying the ceramic ornaments with a good taste and moderately.

Description and qualities of the building

The dwelling house of two upper vocational school teachers on Lechner Square exemplifies excellently that the novel spirit of the Art Nouveau inspiringly influenced the attitude of the contemporary middle class. Though the bead-moulding formed from glazed ceramics runs across the whole length of the facade under the cornice on the inner positioned Raffay House, harmony, good sense of proportion and moderate ornamentation dominate the spectacle. The corner Szígyártó House seems to be more magnificent and more splendidly ornamented. The building owes its unique look to the creative application of the ornamental attributes of brick facings and the peacock feather patterned ceramic adornments, shining in striking colours and crowning the windows. Both houses demonstrate that lasting value can be created provided that good taste is coupled with high standard craftsmanship and masterly masonry skills representing the atmosphere of the period.

References

Nagy Zoltán, A szecessziós építészet Szegeden, Szeged története,3/1, Szeged, 1991,

Csongrád megye építészeti emlékei, Szeged, 2000, O. Csegezi Mónika szócikke

Bakonyi Tibor:,A századforduló építészete Szegeden, Műemlékvédelem, 1980. 3. sz.

Bagyinszki Zoltán – Gerle János, Alföldi szecesszió, /Art Nouveau in the Alföld Debrecen, 2008.